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The Science Behind Peptides: What's Happening to Your Body?

The Science Behind Peptides: What's Happening to Your Body?

Our bodies do amazing things through a complex network of functions. The human body requires essential nutrients including, water, vitamins, minerals, fiber carbohydrates, fats, and proteins to complete these functions.

Supplements help people maintain proper levels of many essential nutrients. One important supplement you will see many people taking is peptides. If you want to look and feel better, learn peptide science to help you decide if this supplement will work for you.

Peptide Science

Keep reading for an inside look at peptide science!

What is a Peptide?

Peptides, by definition, form into a compound from two or more amino acids linking into a chain by amide bonds. The amino acids create a covalent peptide bond when carboxyl group of one amino acid meets the amino group of another, creating the chemical reaction that forms a peptide.

This happens in the body during protein digestion. However, manufacturers synthesize this process in a lab to form the peptide supplements.

How Do Peptides Work?

These compounds work in the body to regulate vital cellular functions for digestion, metabolism, respiration, and immune response. Size and amino acid sequence determine a peptides function.

These peptide chains form proteins, which constitute 16% of our bodies. Proteins function in several crucial ways.

Peptides build structural proteins. For instance, the structural proteins collagen and elastin give our skin shape, pliability, and elasticity. Structural proteins also help to create bone and muscle.

Certain hormones, like insulin and glucagon, form from peptides as well. These two examples perform the crucial task of regulating glucose levels. All peptide hormones control pertinent biological functions.

Some peptides create proteins that serve as transporters. They work by selectively moving important substances that otherwise could not pass through the cell's phospholipid bilayer, into and out of the cell.

Peptides also create the majority of protein enzymes in the human body. Enzymes speed up metabolic reactions throughout the body.

How Will a Peptide Supplement Benefit Me?

Clearly, peptides play a leading role in bodily functions. So how does this translate to the visible benefits of taking a peptide supplement for health and wellness purposes?

Peptides for Skin and Hair Care

As mentioned above, peptides create the structural proteins elastin and collagen. These two proteins break down as we age, creating lines, wrinkles, sagging skin, and gaunt looking skin.

Using peptide skin care products and taking peptide supplements can help keep collagen and elastin intact. Though skin care products directly reach the skin at a surface level, taking an oral supplement can also benefit from the inside.

As they make the structural proteins collagen and elastin, peptides also create the structural dense protein keratin. It adheres the skin cells together to form a continuous barrier outside of the body. Keratin creates the outermost protective layer of our skin to keep out pathogens and help prevent serious injuries from typical environmental factors.

This fibrous protein is also the main constituent in hair. It provides structure, strength, thickness, and shine to your locks.

Taking oral peptide supplements may benefit you more for hair health. Though keratin hair products and treatments provide a direct dose, the chemical cocktail and high heat involved can also lead to broken and damaged hair, hair loss, and even cancer. Taking them in supplement form allows the body to naturally distribute it, the way it does when you eat protein-rich foods.

Peptides for Weight Loss

The benefits of peptides do not stop at the surface. These biological compounds delve much further than skin deep.

Weightloss peptides, like sermoralin, trigger weight loss indirectly by stimulating the pituitary gland to produce the peptide human growth hormone. The levels of this hormone naturally decrease as we age, contributing to our slowing metabolisms.

Human growth hormone helps to increase fat metabolism directly. It also indirectly increases metabolism by triggering muscle cell growth and creating more muscle mass.

Muscle tissue requires more energy in terms of calories than fat does. So, increasing your muscle mass means burning more calories, leading to weight loss. Remember, weight loss only occurs when we expend more energy than we take in.

Peptides also contribute to weight loss by regulating glucose levels. Remember we said that peptides make the hormone insulin.

When we eat carbohydrates, our glucose levels rise. The body uses what it can for energy and stores the rest in the form of fat. An excess of glucose means an increase in weight over time.

Our body will not burn fat for fuel if it has constant access to glucose. The peptide hormone insulin helps to keep glucose levels in check, making less left over for fat storage. Peptides also constitute the hormone glucagon, which the pancreas.

Peptides help keep body weight in check and stimulate fat loss when taken correctly.

Peptides for Athletes

Many athletes opt for peptide supplements to boost their performance. Why?

As mentioned above, peptides stimulate human growth hormone, which leads to increased muscle mass. On top of increasing metabolism, this helps the athlete become stronger.

While increasing strength, peptide supplements can also help to protect athletes. The structural proteins that make up muscle and bones derive from peptides. Taking supplements can contribute to the strength of these structures, to assist in preventing broken bones and muscle tears during strenuous activities.

Furthermore, peptides will help to heal an injury quicker. Peptides work to repair soft muscle tissue and one peptide hormone stimulates tissue regeneration. For instance, the peptide Thymosin Beta 4 stimulates regeneration in blood vessels, skin, and muscle cell regeneration.

Research for Immunity Boosting Peptides

Researchers found antigenic peptides work in the body as immune-like cells. This makes them perfect candidates for people with immunosuppression that comes from certain medications and diseases.

Also, some peptides assist in regulating the body's inflammatory response. Meaning, that peptides may show promise in reducing inflammation and therefore pain for people with certain conditions.

Are Peptide Supplements Right for You?

Peptide science says it all. These biological compounds offer numerous benefits.

Whether you want healthier skin and hair, you want to boost your athletic performance, or you want to lose weight, peptide supplements may work for you. Ask your doctor if you can safely start. We want to help you live a healthier life. Check out our Sermorelin Treatment!

About the author

Dr. Constance Odom, MD

7 min read