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6 Bodily Changes Common to Aging

6 Bodily Changes Common to Aging

When people think of the aging journey, some consider it a disease while others embrace the natural progression of the process. The changes that occur in the body and mind are a part of everyone’s life cycle, yet there are those who face more negative experiences than others. There are eight key aspects of aging that everyone will face at some level, and knowing how you can stay in the best shape and health to address these areas will make the journey more pleasant.

1. Osteoporosis

As the body ages, it becomes harder to get enough of the Vitamin D that is needed to help prevent the body’s bones from becoming more fragile. Vitamin D can be absorbed through the skin from the sun’s rays or it can be found in certain foods. Without enough intake, the bones become brittle and more susceptible to breaking through falls and slips. Exercise is one way to improve internal strength, and weight-bearing exercises like lifting weights, climbing stairs, or walking are good to add into your routine. You should also increase your calcium intake through foods like cheese, milk, yogurts, salmon, or almonds, as calcium helps the bones absorb vitamin D.

2. Muscle Loss

Muscle loss is one of the more noticeable signs of aging, and it actually starts much earlier than people think. All individuals will start to lose muscle mass in their 30’s, with the muscles becoming less elastic and losing the ability to self-repair. An individual also experiences a decrease in power and endurance. In addition to adding aerobic exercise or resistance training to your routine, many people have found an anti-aging protocol that uses peptide injections to help promote increase HGH production. This is the hormone that helps a body build and retain muscle mass, improves energy levels, and help strengthen body functions normally weakened by the aging process.

3. Medication Side Effects

Over time, a body’s metabolism changes, and the organs aren’t functioning at the capacity that was once enjoyed during younger years. The liver is as effective in breaking down toxins, the heart loses some ability to regulate the body’s blood pressure, and medications that should be easily dissolved tend to circulate through the body for longer periods of time and permeate the brain. Some medications can have more damaging side effects than others, and you should consult with your physician over prescriptions that may no longer be needed or could be changed. Your dosing might need to be reconsidered as well, especially if there are interactions between your different medications and the overlap of being in the system for lengthy periods.

4. Digestive Problems

The aging process in the gut is often revealed through persistent constipation. There is a decreased production in lactase, which often leads aging individuals to struggle to process dairy. Any changes in the intestine can also lead to constipation, and the colon’s increased stool volume slows down the body’s response for triggering a bowel movement. Preventative measures are the best response to these changes, and daily exercise is one of the ways to keep things moving through the system as you age. Plenty of water and increased intake and balance of soluble and insoluble fibers are the way to work with the body to produce the necessary results.

5. Incontinence

The muscles that control the bladder and flow of urine also experienced capacity and elasticity problems through the aging journey. Having uncontrollable bladder contractions and leaks are more common, as the brain functions that send the signals to control the flow of urine start to experience a slow down and some hiccups. Men tend to have more problems with incontinence due to conditions with an enlarged prostate. Men, as well as women, should practice Kegel exercises each day to help retain muscle control. Drinking your water earlier in the day can keep you from becoming dehydrated, yet it also eliminates more trips throughout the night to the bathroom. Even if you don’t feel the need, try to make a habit of going to the bathroom at least once every three hours.

6. Bruising

The aging process takes a toll on the fat layers under the skin, and bruising occurs more easily because of thinner skin. The blood vessels also things, and the decrease in sweat gland creates a skin layer that is often dry and itchy. Staying internally hydrated can help, so drinking lots of water even when you don’t feel thirsty is very important. Creams and ointments can also help protect your skin.


Facing the aging process with information about what to expect makes it easier to proactively address potential areas of concern. Starting early with good health habits can help slow down the effects of aging on the body, as some conditions aren’t able to be reversed.



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About the author

Dr. Richard Smith, MD

5 min read